Paul Leni

Portrait Paul LeniArt Director, Director - Germany
Born July 8, 1885 in Stuttgart
Died September 2, 1929 in Hollywood, California, USA

Mini-Biography:
Paul Leni was born under the given name Paul A. Leni on July 8, 1885 in Stuttgart. He was a German Art Director, Director, known for The Cat and the Canary (1927), Die Berliner Range (1913), Der Katzensteg (1915), Paul Leni's first movie on record is from 1913. Paul Leni died on September 2, 1929 in Hollywood, California, USA. His last motion picture on file dates from 1929.
Biographical Notes in German: Regisseur und Bühnenbildner des deutschen und amerikanischen Stummfilms, geboren 1885 in Stuttgart, gestorben 1929 in Hollywood.
Der in Baden-Württemberg geborene Regisseur Paul Leni ging nach einer Ausbildung als Kunstschlosser an die Akademie der Bildenden Künste in Berlin und arbeitete dort als Kunstmaler, Bühnenbildner, Karikaturist und Grafiker und gestaltet Plakate und Anzeigen für Filmfirmen. Nach langjähriger Zusammenarbeit mit dem Regisseur und Produzenten Joe May inszenierte er 1916 - zum Militär eingezogen - für das Bild- und Film-Amt den Film Der Feldarzt
Als Bühnenbildner Zusammenarbeit mit Max Reinhardt und Leopold Jessner. Neben Entwürfen für Ernst Lubitsch und Joe May machte er vor allem als Regisseur und Ausstatter eigene Filme: Das Melodram Prima Vera (1917), den Abenteuerfilm Das Rätsel von Bangalor (1917), den Märchenfilm Dornröschen (1917), Prinz Kuckuck (1919) sowie das Drama Patience (1920). Seine Filme weisen die Tradition des Expressionismus aus, Leni schuf zwei der bedeutendsten Filme der 20er Jahre Deutschlands: mit Jessner "Hintertreppe" als Beispiel des Kammerspielfilms und mit Robert Wiene "Das Wachsfigurenkabinett", der in drei Geschichten drei Tyrannen charakterisiert.
Es folgte eine sehr produktive Zeit in Hollywood mit einigen sowohl kommerziell als auch künstlerisch erfolgreichen Filmen wie The Cat and the Canary - Spuk im Schloss (1927) und The Man who laughs - Der Mann, der lacht (1928), die Leni zum Wegbereiter des Horrorfilms machten.

Paul Leni Filmography [Auszug]
1929: [] The Last warning (Il teatro maledetto) (Director), with Laura La Plante, Montagu Love, Roy D'Arcy,
1929: [] The Bargain in the Kremlin (unrealized project) (Director), with Joseph Schildkraut,
1928: [/ /1] The Chinese Parrot (Director), with Hobart Bosworth, Sojin Kamiyama, Marian Nixon,
1928: [] The Man who laughs (Director), with Mary Philbin, Conrad Veidt, Olga Baclanova,
1927: [] The Cat and the Canary (Director), with Joe Murphy, George Siegmann, Martha Mattox,
1926: [/ /1] Manon Lescaut (Art Director), Directed by Arthur Robison, with Sig Arno, Lya de Putti, Marlene Dietrich,
1926: [/ /1] Der goldene Schmetterling (Art Director), Directed by Michael Curtiz, with Nils Asther, Curt Bois, Lili Damita,
1926: [03.06] Fiaker Nr. 13 (Art Director), Directed by Michael Curtiz, with Paul Biensfeldt, Lili Damita, Wilhelm Dieterle,
1925: [10.22] Der Farmer aus Texas (Art Director), Directed by Joe May, with Christian Bummerstädt, Frida Richard, Ellen Plessow,
1925: [] Die Frau in vierzig Jahren (Art Director), Directed by Richard Oswald, with Dina Gralla, Eva Speyer,
1925: [/ /1] Der Tänzer meiner Frau (Art Director), Directed by Alexander Korda, with Alexander Choura, Hermann Thimig, Lea Seidl,
1924: [12.15] Die Liebesbriefe der Baronin von S... (Art Director), Directed by Henrik Galeen, with Memo Benassi, Alfredo Bertone, Ernst Gronau,
1924: [11.13] Das Wachsfigurenkabinett (The Three Wax Works, Three Wax Men, Waxworks, Three wax men) (Director), Directed by Leo Birinski, with Emil Jannings, Conrad Veidt, Werner Krauss,
1923: [06/26] Der Film im Film (Cast), Directed by Friedrich Porges, Stefan Lorant, with Robert Wiene, Fritz Lang,
1923: [10.08] Tragödie der Liebe (Love Tragedy) (Art Director), Directed by Joe May, with Mia May, Vladimir Gajdarov, Rudolf Forster,
1922: [/ /1] Frauenopfer (Art Director), Directed by Karl Grune, with Albert Bassermann, Wilhelm Dieterle, Henny Porten,
1921: [01.00] Kinder der Finsternis - 2. Teil: Kämpfende Welten (Art Director), Directed by E.A. Dupont, with Hans Mierendorff, Grit Hegesa, Adele Sandrock,
1921: [12.30] Kinder der Finsternis - 1. Teil: Der Mann aus Neapel (Art Director), Directed by E.A. Dupont, with Hans Mierendorff, Sybil Smolowa, Grit Hegesa,
1921: [10.20] Lady Hamilton (Art Director), Directed by Richard Oswald, with Liane Haid, Conrad Veidt, Werner Krauss,
1921: [] Die Geierwally (Art Director), Directed by E.A. Dupont, with Julius Brandt, Wilhelm Dieterle, Eugen Klöpfer,
1921: [] Die Hintertreppe (Director), Directed by Leopold Jessner, with Wilhelm Dieterle, Fritz Kortner, Henny Porten,
1921: [/ /1] Das Gespensterschiff (Director),
1921: [/ /1] Komödie der Leidenschaften (Director),
1921: [/ /1] Das Tagebuch des Dr. Hart (Director), with Dagny Servaes,
1920: [02.25] Die Verschwörung zu Genua (Director), with Louis Brody, Wilhelm Diegelmann, Maria Fein,
1920: [08.12] Der weisse Pfau (Director), Directed by E.A. Dupont, with Hans Mierendorff, Grit Hegesa, Lore Sello,
1920: [/ /1] Fiesco (Director), with Hans Mierendorff,
1920: [04/06] Patience. Die Karten des Todes (Director), with Conrad Veidt, Felix Basch, Adele Sandrock,
1919: [09.24] Prinz Kuckuck (Art Director), with Conrad Veidt, Nils Prien, Olga Limburg,
1919: [04.04] Veritas vincit (Art Director), Directed by Joe May, with Mia May, Magnus Stifter, Bernhard Goetzke,
1919: [01.31] Die platonische Ehe (Director), with Georg Alexander, Mia May, Albert Paulig,
1918: [09.20] Der Fall Rosentopf (Art Director: (--??--)), Directed by Ernst Lubitsch, with Ferry Sikla, Margarete Kupfer, Ernst Lubitsch,
1917: [] Dornröschen (Director), with Harry Liedtke, Mabel Kaul, Käthe Dorsch,
1917: [01.21] Der Feldarzt (Director), with Heinrich Schroth, Käte Haack, Dagny Servaes,
1917: [01.11] Das Rätsel von Bangalore (The Mystery of Bangalor) (Art Director), Directed by Alexander von Antalffy, with Gilda Langer, Harry Liedtke, Conrad Veidt,
1917: [12.00] Prima Vera (Camille) (Director), with Erna Morena, Harry Liedtke, Wilhelm Diegelmann,
1917: [10.00] Der Blusenkönig (The Blouse King) (Art Director), Directed by Ernst Lubitsch, with Ernst Lubitsch, Guido Herzfeld, Käthe Dorsch,
1915: [04.27] Der Katzensteg (Art Director), Directed by Max Mack, with , Georg Lengbach, Victor Hartberg,
1915: [02.25] Das achte Gebot. Du sollst nicht falsches Zeugnis reden wider deinen Nächsten (Art Director), Directed by Max Mack, with Rudolph Schildkraut, Hanni Weisse, Paul Otto,
1914: [06.26] Das Panzergewölbe (Art Director), Directed by Joe May, with Ernst Reicher, Hermann Picha, Fritz Richard,
1914: [03.20] Der Mann im Keller (Art Director), Directed by Joe May, Johannes Guter, with Ernst Reicher, Olga Engl, Max Landa,
1914: [03.13] Die geheimnisvolle Villa (Art Director), Directed by Joe May, with Ernst Reicher, Sabine Impekoven, Julius Falkenstein,
1913: [10.17] Die Berliner Range (Art Director: (?) Plakatentwurf), Directed by Max Mack, with Hanni Weisse, Otto Treptow, ,
1913: [03.14] Ein Ausgestossener - 1. Teil: Der junge Chef (Art Director), Directed by Joe May, Arsen von Cserépy, with Theodor Burghardt, Helene Janon, Gerhard Dammann,

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